This is a general list of items to know for Exam 1.
This list is not intended to be a complete itemization of all questions on this exam.
However, knowing this material will serve as a good starting point in preparation for study.
Be able to identify, know the meaning of, or otherwise give examples of the following:
Introduction (Chapter 1)
So, what good are maps?
· pattern recognition
· historical documentation
So, what is a map?
· Concrete or abstract representation of the Earth’s surface.
· What is included, what is not?
What is cartography?
· Art; science; technology.
· Study of maps and mapmaking.
Real vs. Virtual Maps?
What is a mental map?
· The “mind’s eye.”
· Memorized routes or landmarks.
· Concept of residential preference?
Common Map Elements: what traits do most maps share?
Types of Maps: what kinds of maps are out there?
Be prepared to give examples of each type below.
· remotely sensed images
Making a map
So, is mapping an Art or a Science?
Basic Mapping Processes (Chapter 2)
What is Geodesy?
Shape of the Earth? Size?
· For most purposes, a sphere.
Where are you?
What does a Geodesist do?
· You mean the Earth isn’t round?
· The “Geoid”
How do we know Earth is spherical?
· Circumstantial evidence
Locational System: Find yourself in Geography!
· What is a graticule?
· latitude and longitude
· parallels and meridians
· Equator and Prime Meridian
What is a Great Circle?
Why do we survey the Earth?
· To provide an accurate framework for the maps we create.
Types of surveys?
· Geodetic control
What is an Analemma?
Why did we create time zones?
What happens at the International Date Line?
Computer-Assisted Cartography (Chapter 19)
-- Advantages and disadvantages of computer mapping over pen and ink maps?
Geographic Information Systems
-- Difference between Computer Mapping and GIS?
How does the map get into the computer?
What are the differences between these two methods?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method?
-- Digital Chart of the World
-- Digital Line Graph (USGS)
-- Digital Elevation Model (USGS)
-- Digital Orthophotos
-- Digital Orthophoto Quad (USGS)
-- Digital Raster Graphic (USGS)
U.S. Census Bureau Databases
-- DIME Coding System
-- TIGER Map Data Format
-- Joining seams
Return to Computer Mapping main page.